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Optimization of Instrumental Spectral Configurations for the Split-Window Method in the Context of the TRISHNA Mission

Abstract : We propose an original approach to optimize the TRISHNA instrument spectral configuration for the Split-Window (SW) method. First, we consider as input of end-to-end simulations an emissivity dataset that accounts for cavity effect within vegetation canopy. Second, we propose a bi-dimensional approach where both locations of TRISHNA SW channels, namely λ T IR3 c and λ T IR4 c , can slide within predefined spectral intervals. We report a large sensitivity to channel positions, with variations of RMSE on retrieved land surface temperature up to 3 K. Our bi-dimensional approach shows that this sensitivity is consistent with the underlying assumptions of the SW method. Indeed, two regions are observed in the (λ T IR3 c , λ T IR4 c) space: (1) an unfavorable region corresponding to λ T IR3 c ≤ 10.0 µm, where large RMSE values are ascribed to large differences between emissivities in both SW channels, and (2) a favorable region corresponding to λ T IR3 c ≥ 10.3 µm, where differences between emissivities in both SW channels are small, and where RMSE values are driven by the differences between atmospheric transmittance in both SW channels. Overall, it is necessary to better account for the difference in surface emissivities between the two SW channels, whereas disregarding the cavity effect within vegetation canopy is not critical. Eventually, our bidimensional approach permits to define an optimal position for λ T IR3 c at 10.6 µm, which induces a larger robustness to uncertainties on channel positions. By applying our study on two structurally different SW formulations and addressing impacts of uncertainties on land surface emissivity and atmospheric water vapor content, we show that these results can be generalized to other SW formulations.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03336205
Contributor : Frédéric Jacob Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, January 10, 2022 - 6:25:20 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 18, 2022 - 3:06:06 PM

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Thomas H.G. Vidal, Frédéric Jacob, Albert Olioso, Philippe Gamet. Optimization of Instrumental Spectral Configurations for the Split-Window Method in the Context of the TRISHNA Mission. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2021, pp.1-14. ⟨10.1109/TGRS.2021.3099967⟩. ⟨hal-03336205v2⟩

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