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ƒ‐statistics estimation and admixture graph construction with Pool‐Seq or allele count data using the R package poolfstat

Abstract : By capturing various patterns of the structuring of genetic variation across populations, f -statistics have proved highly effective for the inference of demographic history. Such statistics are defined as covariance of SNP allele frequency differences among sets of populations without requiring haplotype information and are hence particularly relevant for the analysis of pooled sequencing (Pool-Seq) data. We here propose a reinterpretation of the F (and D) parameters in terms of probability of gene identity and derive from this unified definition unbiased estimators for both Pool-Seq data and standard allele count data obtained from individual genotypes. We implemented these estimators in a new version of the R package poolfstat, which now includes a wide range of inference methods: (i) three-population test of admixture; (ii) four-population test of treeness; (iii) F4-ratio estimation of admixture rates; and (iv) fitting, visualization and (semi-automatic) construction of admixture graphs. A comprehensive evaluation of the methods implemented in poolfstat on both simulated Pool-Seq (with various sequencing coverages and error rates) and allele count data confirmed the accuracy of these approaches, even for the most cost-effective Pool-Seq design involving relatively low sequencing coverages. We further analyzed a real Pool-Seq data made of 14 populations of the invasive species Drosophila suzukii which allowed refining both the demographic history of native populations and the invasion routes followed by this emblematic pest. Our new package poolfstat provides the community with a user-friendly and efficient all-in-one tool to unravel complex population genetic histories from large-size Pool-Seq or allele count SNP data.
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Contributor : Laurence Flori Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, January 14, 2022 - 3:11:43 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 18, 2022 - 3:06:08 PM
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Mathieu Gautier, Renaud Vitalis, Laurence Flori, Arnaud Estoup. ƒ‐statistics estimation and admixture graph construction with Pool‐Seq or allele count data using the R package poolfstat. Molecular Ecology Resources, Wiley/Blackwell, In press, ⟨10.1111/1755-0998.13557⟩. ⟨hal-03481066⟩



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