Growth and Metabolism of Lacticaseibacillus casei and Lactobacillus kefiri Isolated from Qymyz, a Traditional Fermented Central Asian Beverage - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Fermentation Year : 2022

Growth and Metabolism of Lacticaseibacillus casei and Lactobacillus kefiri Isolated from Qymyz, a Traditional Fermented Central Asian Beverage

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Abstract

The growth characteristics of two strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB), Lacticaseibacillus casei and Lactobacillus kefiri, isolated from qymyz, a traditional fermented mare milk beverage, were studied and modeled, including the effect of different carbohydrates, pH, and temperature. Along with population, substrates, and metabolites, lactic acid and ethanol were monitored by HPLC. Growth parameters were obtained from mono- and biphasic logistic growth models that fit the population evolution of L. casei and L. kefiri, respectively. The effect of temperature and pH on the growth rate was represented with the gamma concept model, while the effect of the limiting substrate was evaluated according to the Monod equation. Lastly, a simplified Luedeking and Piret equation was used to represent metabolite production. The optimum values of pH and temperature were 6.69 ± 0.20, 38.63 ± 0.32 °C, 5.93 ± 0.08, and 33.15 ± 0.53 °C, with growth rate values of 0.66 ± 0.01 h−1 and 0.29 ± 0.01 h−1 for L. casei and L. kefiri, respectively. L. casei had a homofermentative pathway, while L. kefiri was heterofermentative, with an ethanol production rate of 2.90 × 10−9 mg·CFU−1. The Monod model showed that L. casei had the lowest Ks value for lactose, while for L. kefiri, it was the highest among milk carbohydrates. These results show that the population of the two LAB strains and therefore the concentrations of acid and ethanol can be controlled by the fermentation conditions and that our model can help to significantly improve the production of qymyz.

Dates and versions

hal-03936500 , version 1 (12-01-2023)

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Cite

Askar Kondybayev, Gaukhar Konuspayeva, Caroline Strub, Gerard Loiseau, Christian Mestres, et al.. Growth and Metabolism of Lacticaseibacillus casei and Lactobacillus kefiri Isolated from Qymyz, a Traditional Fermented Central Asian Beverage. Fermentation, 2022, 8 (8), pp.367. ⟨10.3390/fermentation8080367⟩. ⟨hal-03936500⟩
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